bunnyjadwiga: (Default)
p. 188-190
Elizabeth I of England, educated as a humanist princess, was a perfect exemplar of this new Italian civility...Elizabeth was known to be fussy about her health-- she hated being ill. She preserved her health and lived to old age by apparently following a sensible humanist health regimen; she ate and drank abstemiously, took plenty of exercise, and undoubtedly owned a copy of Sir Thomas Elyot's hugely successful Castel of Helth (1539; five editions by 1560), dedicated to her father's chief minister Thomas Cromwell. She always travelled with her bed and hip bath, and had bathing facilities in all of her palaces, including a sweat bath-- her 'warm box' or 'warm nest' -- inherited from her father at Richmond, her favorite palace. At Richmond she also installed a prototype of the water closet, the invention of her godson "Boy Jack," Sir John Harington (translator of the Salerno Regimen). At Whitehall, Elizabeth also had a hot room with a ceramic tiled stove, as well as a large bath and grooming suite, both inherited from her father, in which to spend time with her intimate companions. This suite was effectively her Cabinet of the Morning. It contained her bedroom, and next to it a 'a fine bathroom... [where] the water pours from oyster shells and different kinds of rock'. Next to the bathroom was a room with an organ 'on which two people can play duets, also a large chest completely covered in silk, and a clock which plays times by striking a bell'. Next to this was a room 'where the Queen keeps her books'. Indeed royal baths were so a la mode that a bathhouse was specially built for Mary, Queen of Scots, at Holyrood Palace in the late 1560s; so there is no reason to think that Queen Elizabeth I did not thoroughly enjoy her monthly bath 'whether she needed it or no' (probably at the time of the menses) and was certainly likely to have taken them more often than that, when returning to Richmond or Whitehall after a long cold journey or a dusty ride on a hot afternoon.

In any case she would have known all about baths, being well versed in the 'arts of adornment' and having a passionate interest in Italian cosmetics.


Things to point out: if Elizabeth suffered from retention of water (edema, dropsy, etc) as she is sometimes claimed to have done, her doctors might have either limited her baths for humorally reasons, or prescribed sweat baths for the same reasons. Retention of water may in fact have been a family problem, plaguing her sister Mary and perhaps even her father in his old age.

In addition, the 'whether she needed it or no' may well NOT have been a comment on her cleanliness, as modern people have usually read it, but a comment on baths for her health, so that she was accustomed to have a bath regularly even without a health prescription...
bunnyjadwiga: (Default)
In the morning the bath-keeper gives a horn blow, that everything is ready. Then the members of the lower classes [and] polite citizens undressed in the house and walked naked across the public road to the bath-house... Yes, how often the father runs naked from the house with a single shirt together with his equally naked wife and naked children to the bath. How often can I see (that is why I do not go through the town) little girls of 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 years, completely undressed, except for a short linen bath-coat (badehr) often torn. . . They run along the roads at lunchtime, to the baths. And beside them the totally naked 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 year old boys, accompanying these respectable young women.

--Guarinonius, 1610 quoted in Virginia Smith, Clean, p. 172
bunnyjadwiga: (Default)
Herbs, Branches and Flowers, for Windows and Pots

1. Bae, sowe in January
2. Bacheler's buttens
3. Botles, blew, red, and tauney.
4. Collembines.
5. Campions.
6. Daffadondillies.
7. Eglantine, or sweete-bryer
8. Fetherfewe.
9. Flower amour, sowe in May.
10. Flower de luce.
11. Flower gentil, white and red.
12. Flower nyce.
13. Gelyflowers, red, white, and carnations, set in spring, and harvest in potts, pailles, or tubs, or for summer, in beds.
14. Holiokes, red, white, and carnations.
15. Indian eye, sowe in May or set in slips in March.
16. Lavender of all sorts.
17. Lark's foot.
18. Laus tibi.
19. Lillium cumbalium.
20. Lilies, red and white, sow or set in March and September.
21. Marigoldes, double.
22. Nigella Romana.
23. Pauncies, or hearts-ease.
34. Pragels, greene and yellowe.
25. Pinks of all sortes.
26. Queene's gilliflowers.
27. Rosemary.
28. Roses of all sorts.
29. Snap-dragons.
30. Sopps in wine.
31. Sweete Williams.
32. Sweete Johns.
33. Star of Bethelem.
34. Star of Jerusalem.
35. Stock gilleflowers of all sorts.
36. Tuft gelliflowers.
37. Velvet flowers, or Frenche marigold.
38. Violets, yellow and white.
39. Wall gelliflowers of all sorts.
-- Thomas Tusser, 1557 Floruit, His good points of husbandry, p. 153
bunnyjadwiga: (Default)
I started doing research for a library instruction session for a seminar on magic/witchcraft in whose title "medieval or modern" appeared. It turned out that modern 'witchcraft' would not be covered, but I thought I would note down the useful references I encountered on the subject here, in case I or someone else needed 'em.
Read more... )
bunnyjadwiga: (Edna)
It says something about me, though I'm not sure whether it's my professional background or my dating history, or both, that I find it deeply offensive that the Encyclopedia of Modern Jewish Culture not only has no entry on Kosher or Kashrut(h), but has no index entry on either term. Kosher is briefly covered in the entry on "cooking, Jewish," which I found by looking under "food, Jewish" in the index. "Tref" or "treif" is not mentioned, but "taref" is, in the entry-- but neither one is indexed.
bunnyjadwiga: (Hermione)
A Q&A patron turned me on to this site while I was trying to help her find it. It's directed at consumers and has a lot of worksheets, etc. in Flash, as well as some frequently asked questions answers.
http://www.360financialliteracy.org/
bunnyjadwiga: (Default)
I'd never caught mention of this:

TEAMS: The Consortium for the Teaching of the Middle Ages
has a set of online texts, with introductory material, up:
http://www.teamsmedieval.org/texts/index.html

a new journal: Scientia Scholae: A Journal for teachers in medieval studies in grades K-12.
http://www.teamsmedieval.org/scientia_scholae/index.html
It has 4-5 issues online and has some interesting articles and exercises.
bunnyjadwiga: (Default)
Was looking up information for a patron today and realized I had no handy reference to websites and reference books on Saints. So here are my notes:

Catholic Online Saints & Angels: http://www.catholic.org/saints/
Patron Saints Index: http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/indexsnt.htm
New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/ [out of date-- pre-vatican II]

From Internet Public Library listings:
http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

For Medieval Saints, there's the Internet Medieval Sourcebook section on Saint's Lives:
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/sbook3.html

Oxford Dictionary of Saints [at Drew, 270.0922 F233o 2003, Cornell Room]

EDIT: My boss points out that Butler's Lives of the Saints is the best resource we have in print to start with. [At Drew, in the Cornell Room, 235.2 B985ℓ 1995]

Fox's Book of Martyrs

Dumberton Oaks Hagiography database (8th to 10th century, Byzantine) http://www.doaks.org/hagio.html

I'm very fond of:
Saints Preserve Us! : Everything You Need to Know About Every Saint You'll Ever Need by Sean Kelly
and
Heaven Help Us : The Worrier's Guide to the Patron Saints by Clare La Plante
but both of these are more about folklore than hagiography.
bunnyjadwiga: (Default)
Stearns, Peter N., ed. Encyclopedia of European social history from 1350 to 2000. (New York : Scribner, 2001) 6 vol.
Read more... )

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